The female hormone
Oestrogen is possibly the most important hormone for a woman. Without it, she has an increased risk for a number of health issues, including: premature ovarian failure, osteoporosis, heart disease, colon cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, tooth loss, impaired vision, Parkinson’s disease and diabetes.
Woman have oestrogen receptors in a number of places throughout the body and brain. As a result, hormonal imbalance produces a variety of symptoms such as bone loss, mood changes, cognitive decline and loss of skin elasticity. When oestrogen levels rise, the amount of serotonin available in the brain increases, which improves mood.
The main forms of oestrogen found in a woman’s body are:
- Estradiol, the main oestrogen made by the ovaries before menopause
- Estrone, a weaker oestrogen produced in the ovaries and fat tissue. After menopause, this is the main oestrogen
- Estriol, the weakest of the three main forms of oestrogen.